Bauhaus architecture and the new objectivity

See the “Weimar in the West” here.

Autor: Julia Bauer

Haus Lange / Haus Esters, Krefeld

Formerly a home, now a museum The Haus Lange and Haus Esters buildings in Krefeld, designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, show changing exhibitions of contemporary art. Mies van der Rohe, who was born in Aachen, designed the adjacent red brick villas during the 1920s as houses for the families of two silk factory owners. The villa ensemble is one of the architectural highlights of New Building in Germany.
www.dein-nrw.de/haus-esters-lange-krefeld | www.kunstmuseenkrefeld.de


Josef Albers Museum Quadrat, Bottrop

This museum is dedicated to the painter, colour theorist and Bauhaus master Josef Albers, who was born in Bottrop.  His wife Anni Albers has donated over 300 works from her husband’s estate to the museum. It shows the earliest works, including self-portraits and landscape scenes. From the Bauhaus era, glass pieces, photo montages and photographic portraits, including portraits of Paul Klee and El Lissitzky, are on display.

The square as a shape is reflected in the building and in the works shown. The museum’s architecture is oriented to Josef Albers’ major series “Homage to the Square”, the images of which always immediately consist of three or four intersecting squares of different colours. In fine weather, visitors can admire the sculpture park all around the museum. The exhibits in the park are almost exclusively from artists who have also been exhibited in the Josef Albers Museum.


Unesco-Welterbe Zollverein, Essen

For a long time, the industrial cathedral of the Zeche Zollverein colliery was regarded as the most modern and beautiful colliery in the world. Founded in 1847, it was expanded between 1928 and 1932 by architects Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer with the addition of the impressive “Schachtanlage XII” pit in the New Objectivity style. The industrial complex, which was arranged on two axes according to the principles of symmetry and geometry, was a former sample facility and is regarded as an overall work of art. Today, the pit, which was closed in 1996, is a venue for exhibitions, lectures, stage events and guided tours on the architecture and history of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
www.nrw-tourism.com/zeche-zollverein | www.zollverein.de


Peter-Behrens-Bau, Oberhausen

The famous architect and industrial designer Peter Behrens designed a warehouse building in 1920 on behalf of the Gutehoffnungshütte-Konzern (GHH) company. Today, this is used by the LVR Industriemuseum as a central collection depot. The building, which is around 90 metres long, is oriented to the Bauhaus form language and New Objectivity. A building with a horizontal emphasis and a cuboid orientation created with a steel skeleton construction, encased by brick walls. Today, this space, which used to house replacement parts, screws and letter paper needed for everyday operation, is now the central office of the LVR Industriemuseum.


Silke Dames

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