The “Staatliches Bauhaus” was founded on 1 April 1919 and the 100th anniversary will also be celebrated in North Rhine-Westphalia. In addition to many exhibitions and an international dance festival, modern Bauhaus architecture can be found in many spots in NRW.
Not only Weimar, Dessau and Berlin are stations of the „most famous reform school“. Also impulses from Rhineland and Westphalia influence the formation and development of the Bauhaus. The Bauhaus idea also makes an impression on the following North Rhine-Westphalian locations:
Haus Lange / Haus Esters, Krefeld
Formerly a home, now a museum The Haus Lange and Haus Esters buildings in Krefeld, designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, show changing exhibitions of contemporary art. Mies van der Rohe, who was born in Aachen, designed the adjacent red brick villas during the 1920s as houses for the families of two silk factory owners. The villa ensemble is one of the architectural highlights of New Building in Germany.
www.dein-nrw.de/haus-esters-lange-krefeld | www.kunstmuseenkrefeld.de
Built by Henry van de Velde, inhabited by Karl Ernst Osthaus, visited by Walter Gropius: the Hohenhof is the highlight among the buildings of the Villenkolonie Hohenhagen. As well as the Folkwang Museum, which was officially opened in 1902, Osthaus planned the Villenkolonie Hohenhagen, to which the Hohenhof also belongs. Today, the house, which belongs to the Osthaus Museum in Hagen, contains works by Peter Behrens and J.L.M. Lauweriks, among others, alongside the rooms, which have been preserved and reconstructed in their original form.
The Dutch architect Jan Ludovicus Mathieu Lauweriks realised nine houses on “Am Stirnband” street, whose design he based on a system principle that he himself had developed. Each of the houses is individually designed, yet with their materials, which are repeatedly used, they form a single unit. In the surrounding Villenkolonie Hohenhagen, there are other buildings to be found by Henry van de Velde, Peter Behrens and J.L.M. Lauweriks.
Josef Albers Museum Quadrat, Bottrop
This museum is dedicated to the painter, colour theorist and Bauhaus master Josef Albers, who was born in Bottrop. His wife Anni Albers has donated over 300 works from her husband’s estate to the museum. It shows the earliest works, including self-portraits and landscape scenes. From the Bauhaus era, glass pieces, photo montages and photographic portraits, including portraits of Paul Klee and El Lissitzky, are on display.
The square as a shape is reflected in the building and in the works shown. The museum’s architecture is oriented to Josef Albers’ major series “Homage to the Square”, the images of which always immediately consist of three or four intersecting squares of different colours. In fine weather, visitors can admire the sculpture park all around the museum. The exhibits in the park are almost exclusively from artists who have also been exhibited in the Josef Albers Museum.
Unesco-World Heritage Zollverein, Essen
For a long time, the industrial cathedral of the Zeche Zollverein colliery was regarded as the most modern and beautiful colliery in the world. Founded in 1847, it was expanded between 1928 and 1932 by architects Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer with the addition of the impressive “Schachtanlage XII” pit in the New Objectivity style. The industrial complex, which was arranged on two axes according to the principles of symmetry and geometry, was a former sample facility and is regarded as an overall work of art. Today, the pit, which was closed in 1986, is a venue for exhibitions, lectures, stage events and guided tours on the architecture and history of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
www.nrw-tourism.com/zeche-zollverein | www.zollverein.de
The famous architect and industrial designer Peter Behrens designed a warehouse building in 1920 on behalf of the Gutehoffnungshütte-Konzern (GHH) company. Today, this is used by the LVR Industriemuseum as a central collection depot. The building, which is around 90 metres long, is oriented to the Bauhaus form language and New Objectivity. A building with a horizontal emphasis and a cuboid orientation created with a steel skeleton construction, encased by brick walls. Today, this space, which used to house replacement parts, screws and letter paper needed for everyday operation, is now the central office of the LVR Industriemuseum.
New tours of modern classical architecture, Düsseldorf
Famous master building designers such as Helmut Hentrich, who also worked for Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, have set their mark on the way Düsseldorf looks with their buildings. A new tour to architectural icons of the modern era includes several of these special buildings, and provides background information on how they were created. For example, the first purely architectural city tour in Düsseldorf takes you to the “Dreischeibenhaus” designed by Hentrich, near the Königsallee, but also passes through the old city.